10 Considerations for Interior Lighting Design

Modern architectural decoration not only pays attention to the constituent elements of indoor space, but also pays more attention to the aesthetic effect of lighting on the indoor and outdoor environment and the resulting psychological effect.

Therefore, lighting is not only about continuing natural light, but also making full use of the combination of light and dark in architectural decoration, and the combination of light and shadow creates a comfortable and beautiful lighting environment. As a result, people pay more and more attention to the choice of lighting for interior decoration.

Picture: The famous architect Le Corbusier said: "Atmosphere is born of light, space is made of light, and architecture is described in light." For indoor space, light and shadow are the fourth dimension in addition to pattern, shape and skin, and it is light and shadow that give form and function to the first three, as well as atmosphere and soul to the space.

In the decoration, according to the illumination required in the indoor space environment of different buildings, the lighting mode and lamp type should be correctly selected to provide people with good lighting conditions, so that people can obtain the best visual effect in the indoor space environment of the building, and at the same time, they can also obtain a certain atmosphere and artistic conception to enhance the performance effect and aesthetic feeling of the indoor space of the building.

Lighting design has two characteristics: one is its artistry; The second is its functionality.

The use of different lighting techniques and colors can produce a variety of different psychological effects. Display and three-dimensionality of various shapes, depth of field and different architectural styles require lighting design to produce different effects.

The use function in different types of buildings is different, and it needs to choose different lamps and illumination according to the physiological needs of users. For example, the illumination is not the same when we are reading a book and when we are resting. From domestic to international, there are illuminance standards for recommending various application sites and activity forms according to the visual health surface, brightness distribution values of each workplace, various glare evaluation grades, research data on the impact of stroboscopic effects, etc., for us to search. Sometimes, when we carry out interior lighting design, we simply pursue artistry, and often ignore people's physiological needs.

In this regard, I will list ten precautions and briefly describe the skills of how to choose the right lamp for your reference. These 10 tips can solve the problems of general interior lighting that arise in decoration in order to meet all the needs of users and provide an environment with effective working conditions:

1. Different indoor requirements, different lamps and lanterns illumination selection

Human eyesight is very dependent on the brightness of the vision around us. When the brightness of the environment increases, human motivation and overall vision also increase relatively; And the likelihood of errors is also reduced. To put it simply, we can divide illuminance into 7 levels: orientation and simple vision operations 30, 50, 100lx; General vision work: 300, 500, 1000lx; Special vision assignment 3000~10000lx. The illuminance of the lamp can be selected according to different indoor requirements.

Figure: Brightness is a prerequisite for a person to be able to obtain visual information, and it depends on the amount of light emitted by the light source, the reflection of the object and the relationship between them. As Louis Kang said: "Designing space is designing light. At the end of the day, interior lighting design is the design of indoor brightness distribution.

2. Distribution of light

Soft lighting distributed in different surfaces of the room can give the space a sense of comfort. Conversely, inappropriate or too much light can cause vision impairment and fatigue.

Figure: Soft light brings comfort to the space.

Figure: Excessive brightness contrast can cause eye fatigue

3. Proper reflective control

Reflections in the room, although not so much as to affect vision, may cause irritation and damage to vision.

Picture: For a museum, whether it is direct glare or reflected glare, it is very serious, because it directly affects people's visual work in this space - viewing the exhibits. Therefore, whether it is an exhibition wall, a display cabinet, or a floor, it is necessary to fully consider the position of light and people, as well as the relationship between light and materials. The same goes for other interior spaces.

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Basic knowledge of indoor lighting design (4) illuminance, brightness, glare, shadow, color display, etc

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